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Day 4: Themes

industrie dechargement container cargos seattle christophe lefebre iucn 506x380Unloading containers on the docks of Seattle, U.S.A. © Christophe Lefebvre / IUCN

Day-Specific Theme: Governance, Partnershipsand Industry Involvement

Because the deterioration of marine ecosystems has multiple and complex causes, protecting the oceans necessarily involves a collective and cross-sectoral effort. The challenge lies in bringing home to users, and especially to industries, the extent to which different marine ecosystems depend on each other – just as the different uses that are made of them are interconnected. Only then will the separate players assume their own share of responsibility. Promising developments that help MPAs connect with widest possible spectrum of users include: the increasing participation of stakeholders in the governance of MPAs; the development of ecosystem-services valuation; and the growing familiarity of MPA managers with communication techniques.

THEMES FOR
OCT. 24 (PDF)

DETAILED
PROGRAM

Governing and financing MPAs

Strengthening MPA governance and finances is essential to eventually meet Aichi Target 11. This stream addresses, among other issues, how to govern MPA networks, how to enforce MPAs in the high seas, and what mechanisms MPA managers can rely on for financing and funding.

Governance of MPAs in the high seas [4A]

According to the law of the sea, no legal tools exist to set up MPAs in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJs), which represent about half of the ocean’s surface. How can this gap be addressed?

Comparing governance frameworks and processes [4B]

Enforcement and control are difficult to conduct at sea, making MPA governance frameworks complex. Yet MPA networks require governance frameworks of their own, adding another level of complexity. How can these different levels of governance be articulated smoothly?

Partnerships, subsidies and funding mechanisms [4C]

Experts and practitioners need to exchange views and provide feedback on ways to fund MPAs, including fundraising, financing mechanisms, and economic approaches such as ecosystem-services valuation and compensation.

MPAs in the wider society

While MPAs primarily serve to conserve marine biodiversity, they play a number of other social roles.
How can MPAs interact with the wider society, by involving citizens, supporting local communities, and fostering initiatives in terms of communication and education?

Collaborative methods and tools [4D]

Collaboration is key to improving MPA governance and strengthening the role of MPAs in society. But how can it be enhanced practically? Managers will discuss methods for consulting and involving local communities.

MPAs as forums for stakeholder dialogue [4E]

MPAs play a central role in structuring the use of marine areas through marine special planning. They provide both an understanding of marine ecosystems and a vision for local and regional development.
But this vision must be shared by all coastal stakeholders who depend on MPAs – hence the importance of dialogue.

MPAs for livelihood support [4F]

How relevant and efficient are MPAs as fishery management tools? The question will be addressed from the perspectives of multiple players, including fishermen, fishery administrators, scientists, and local communities.

Communicating around MPAs [4G]

The objectives and means of MPAs are often misunderstood. Various communication tools can help introduce them to diverse audiences, including users and the broader public.

Stakeholder and community involvement in MPAs

To achieve their conservation objectives, MPAs need clear and committed governance and management. This cannot be done in isolation. So how can the involvement of relevant stakeholders – local communities and industry among them – be secured at all levels?

Shifting towards more participation and consultation [4H]

MPA managers need effective methods and tools to consult and empower various components of society.

Locally Managed Marine Areas [4I]

Local communities, especially in islands and remote coastal areas, have for generations based their livelihood mainly on sustainably managed marine resources. Even though they do not hold official MPA status, Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) must be recognized for their role in nature conservation.

Working with industry [4J]

Industries are often kept away from MPAs since they are perceived as threats to biodiversity. However, their sustainable development depends on the conservation of ecosystem services. For this reason, collaboration with the private sector is often fruitful, and win-win relationships can be worked out.

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